Our ancestors believed the universe around them was divided into two basic elements, according to which they divided everything that exists into heaven and earth. Up and down. Light and darkness. What connected the heaven and the earth was the vast "Tree of the World" as the axis that held everything together.
Friday, April 29
Date of Issue: 29th April 2022
two stamps (9.50 & 11.- MDL)
both stamps are issued in mini-sheets of 10 stamps
both stamps are issued in a booklet of 6 stamps (3 stamps of each + 2 vignettes)
Thursday, April 28
The stamps depict the painting ‘Tiritamme kasvatamine’ (‘Doing a headstand’) and the tapestry design ‘Siuru-lindu Kalevipojast’ (‘The Siuru bird from Kalevipoeg’) by the artist Oskar Kallis.
Kalevipoeg is a mythical hero in Estonian folklore, which contains many legends and stories about a mighty man named Kalevipoeg. The legends of Kalevipoeg, together with runic folk songs, were the subject for Friedrich Robert Faehlmann and Friedrich Reinhold Kreutzwald while preparing and writing the epic Kalevipoeg in the nineteenth century.
Kalevipoeg is considered to be one of the most important works of Estonian literature, and its motifs have later been used by many artists, composers, and writers. The work also played an important role in the development of Estonian national self-awareness.
both stamps are issued in two mini-sheets of 8 stamps + 1 vignette
Baba Roga - In Slavic folklore, Baba Yaga is a supernatural being (or one of a trio of sisters of the same name) who appears as a deformed and/or ferocious-looking woman. In fairy tales Baba Yaga flies around in a mortar, wields a pestle, and dwells deep in the forest in a hut usually described as standing on chicken legs. Baba Yaga may help or hinder those that encounter or seek her out and may play a maternal role; she has associations with forest wildlife.
Similarities between Baba Yaga and other beings in folklore may be due to either direct relation or cultural contact between the Eastern Slavs and other surrounding peoples. In Central and Eastern Europe, these figures include the Bulgarian gorska maika (Горска майка', 'Forest Mother', also the name of a flower); the Hungarian vasorrú bába ('Iron-nose Midwife'), the Serbian Baba Korizma, Gvozdenzuba ('Iron-tooth'), Baba Roga (used to scare children in Bosnia, Croatia, Montenegro and Serbia), šumska majka ('Forest Mother'), and the babice; and the Slovenian jaga baba or ježibaba, Pehta or Pehtra baba and kvatrna baba or kvatrnica. In Romanian folklore, similarities have been identified in several figures, including Mama padurii ('Forest Mother'). In neighboring Germanic Europe, similarities have been observed between the Alpine Perchta and Holda or Holle in the folklore of Central and Northern Germany, and the Swiss Chlungeri. Source Wikipedia
Drekavac, (literally "the screamer") is a mythical creature in South Slavic mythology.
A modern description of a supposed drekavac describes it as a canine creature similar to a dog.
The drekavac was originally thought to have come from the souls of sinful men, or from children who died unbaptised.
It was popularly believed to be visible only at night, especially during the twelve days of Christmas (called unbaptised days in Serbo-Croatian) and in early spring, when other demons and mythical creatures were believed to be more active. When assuming the form of a child, it predicts someone's death, while in its animal form, it predicts cattle disease. The drekavac is believed to avoid dogs and bright light. Also, it is believed that if the shadow of drekavac falls upon some person then that person will turn sick and die. Source Wikipedia
NOTE : Drekavac is also depcited on the 2022 Europa stamp issue of Serbia.
Wednesday, April 27
Date of Issue: 6th May 2022
two stamps (0.34 & 0.64 €)
both stamps are also issued in one booklet of 8 stamps (4 of each) - stamps from the booklet aren't perforated on one side
The Secret Treasure of Regina - Regina, namely the Queen, is a mysterious person mentioned in several myths and legends of Cyprus.
Some of these legends are connected to the castle of Vufavendo, in which, according to tradition, Regina hid her treasures in one of its 101 rooms.
One of the legends states that every night on which the Resurrection of Christ was celebrated, a secret door would open for a short period of time through which someone could gain access to Regina's room containing the treasures.
On one night of the Resurrection of Christ, a shepherd entered the room, but the door closed before he could collect the treasures.
The shepherd had a pomegranate with him and by eating a piece every day he was kept alive until the following year when on the night of the Resurrection the secret door opened and he gained his freedom.
The legend of Digenis Akritas - Digenis Akritas was the most courageous of all the Akrites, who guarded the borders of Byzantium. They caused fear and terror to the Saracens who came from the mountains of Central Asia.
The giant stone that dominates the sea and is called "Petra tou Romiou", is associated with the legend of Digenes Akritas, from whom the area took its name.
According to legend, Digenis Akritas, the legendary Byzantine hero, during the 7th - 10th century, in order to repel the Saracen Arabs, who were preparing to plunder the area, grabbed onto the mountain range of Kyrenia by his one hand as a result of which it took the shape and the name Pentadaktylos (meaning five fingers) and with his other hand lifted a huge rock (the Stone of Romios – Petra tou Romiou) and threw it into the sea against the Saracens who left fleeing.
And here are the themes for 2023 & 2025 :
- 2023 - "PEACE - the highest value of humanity" (common design)
- 2024 - "Underwater Fauna & Flora" (postponed to 2024 from 2023)
- 2025 - "National Archaeological Discoveries" (postponed to 2025 from 2024)
- PostEurop's press release announcing the choice of themes for 2024 and 2025.
- PostEuro's press release announcing the change of theme for 2023
Following the decision of the Extraordinary PostEurop Board of Directors meeting held on 25 April 2022, the 2023 EUROPA Stamp theme will be “PEACE – the highest value of humanity” as proposed by Ukrposhta in order “to show solidarity with Ukraine and to promote the universal value for all humanity – peace”.
The 2023 EUROPA Stamps theme “PEACE – the highest value of humanity” will be based on a common design motif to be selected via a design competition.
Tuesday, April 26
Date of Issue: 29th April 2022
two stamps (2x 0.95 €)
both stamps are issued mini-sheets of 10 stamps
Eglė žalčių karalienė - Eglė the Queen of Serpents is a Lithuanian folk tale, first published by M. Jasewicz in 1837. Eglė the Queen of Serpents is one of the best-known Lithuanian fairy tales with many references to the Baltic mythology.
One warm summer day, Eglė, the youngest daughter of a local farmer, went bathing in the sea with her two sisters. Afterwards, returning to the shore to get dressed, she found a serpent in her clothes. To her surprise, the serpent spoke to her in a man's voice and demanded that she promise to become his wife for the return of her clothes. Faced with an immediate need to get dressed and not thinking about possible future consequences, Eglė agreed.
Three days later a great number of serpents pulling a wagon showed up at Eglė's parents' farm to claim the bride. Eglė's family tried to trick the serpents by giving them one of their farm animals, but each time a cuckoo warned the serpents about the deception. Finally, wise to the trickery, serpents succeeded in taking Eglė with them to their master.
At the seashore they were met by Žilvinas, a handsome young man, the Serpent King, who took Eglė to a nearby island and then to his palace under the sea, where they wed. Eglė and Žilvinas lived together happily and had three sons, Ažuolas, Uosis and Beržas, and a daughter, Drebulė, their youngest.
One day the children started asking about their mother's former home. Eglė became homesick and asked Žilvinas to allow her and the children to visit her parents' farm. Žilvinas was against it and set a number of what he thought were impossible conditions - to spin a never diminishing amout of silk, to wear out a pair of iron shoes, and to bake a pie without kitchen utensils. Eglė, however, with the help of a local sorceress, was able to accomplish them and Žilvinas had to allow Eglė and the children to go.
The reunion with the family was such a happy event that Eglė's family did not want to let them return to the sea and decided to kill Žilvinas. But first, they needed to know how to get Žilvinas to appear from the sea.They demanded that the children reveal the family secret. Sensing danger, the sons refused to comply, but the youngest daughter Drebulė became frightened and revealed the secret call.
Eglė's twelve brothers rushed to the seashore, called Žilvinas, who appeared in serpent form, and killed him with scythes.
Not knowing her husband's fate and ending her stay with her parents, brothers, and sisters, Eglė returned to the seashore and called Žilvinas. In reply only a bloody foam appeared.In her grief, after she realized that Žilvinas was dead, Eglė transformed her family into trees - her sons into an oak, an ash and a birch, her daughter into a trembling aspen, and herself into a spruce. Source Lithaz.org
Paparčio žiedas - The fern flower - In the Estonian, Lithuanian and Latvian tradition, the fern flower is supposed to appear only on the night of 23 to 24 June during the celebration of the summer solstice. The celebration has pre-Christian origins. In addition to the idea that the finder of the fern flower will become rich or happy, here, the fern flower is sometimes perceived a symbol of fertility. During this supposedly magical night, young couples go into the woods "seeking the fern flower", which is most commonly read as a euphemism for sex. Source Wikipedia
Saturday, April 23
both stamps are issued in mini-sheets of 10 stamps
Kropemann - Originally, the Kropemann was a nature spirit who lived in rivers, streams, ponds, lakes, springs, weirs or wells. According to legend, he caught those children with his Kropestaang (hooked pole) who dared to get too close to the water, pulled them in and devoured them or held them captive. Until 1950, the Kropemann was known (and feared) throughout the country. As creepy as his story sounds, many parents in Luxembourg used the warning of the Kropemann to keep their children away from dangerous waters and shores and to protect them. 30 years ago, the legend was rediscovered in Redingen, and since then the Kropemann has become firmly associated with the municipality, its mascot, so to speak and is present all year round in the form of various sculptures. Every year a big festival is held in his honour where he makes his appearance in front of numerous visitors visitors - nowadays as a children's friend - and also promotes the cleanliness of water and nature.
Melusina - According to legend, Melusina was the wife of Count Siegfried I, who is considered the founder of Luxembourg. In 963, the count built his castle on the Bock rock above the Alzette for his beautiful wife, because she had set him two conditions before agreeing to marry her: she did not want to leave the Alzette valley and she wanted to be alone undisturbed every Saturday noon. After a few years, instigated by friends, Siegfried's curiosity is said to have tempted him to watch his wife through the keyhole one Saturday and discover that her legs had turned into a fish's tail. His cry betrayed him and Melusina disappeared into the Alzette. To this day, it is said that she appears every 7 years, makes a stitch on a shirt and that as soon as this shirt is finished, the Alzette will burst its banks, the rocks will collapse and the city of Luxembourg will perish.
The Melusina with her fish tail is one of the most famous landmarks of Luxembourg City, a sculpture is located directly on the bank of the Alzette and she is a popular motif in a wide variety of illustrations.
NOTE - In 1997, Luxembourg used the legend of Melusina already for one of their Europa stamps issued on the theme "Tales and legends"!
- The legend of Melusina is also used by France this year on their Europa issue!
Friday, April 22
Date of Issue: 21st May 2022
two stamps (0.79 & 1.10 GBP) out of a set of six stamps, only those two bear the Europa logo
both stamps are also issued in a souvenir-sheet of 2 stamps (0.79 & 1.10 GBP)
both Europa stamps are issued in mini-sheets of 10 stamps
Wednesday, April 20
Date of Issue: 16th May 2022
both stamps are issued in mini-sheets of 10 stamps
The central theme is the transport of the Egyptian obelisk, which stood on the spine of Caligula's circus, to St Peter's Square, where Pope Sixtus V wanted to erect it. It was to the architect Domenico Fontana that the pope entrusted the task, which was very complex for the time. The objective was achieved by employing nine hundred men and one hundred and forty horses. In addition, in order to facilitate the raising of the heavy monolith, an edict forbade anyone to speak or enter the enclosure delimiting the work area. Violators would be punished with death. Everything went well until, on 10 September 1586, right at the end of the operation, a Ligurian sailor, Bresca da San Remo, realising that the ropes holding up the monument were about to break due to excessive tension, shouted, heedless of the warning: "Water to the ropes". He knew that hemp becomes shorter and more elastic when wet. The manager immediately took up the suggestion and successfully completed the job. The sailor was pardoned: not only did he receive the title of Captain of the First Pontifical Line Regiment, but his family was granted the privilege of supplying the Vatican with the branches used for Palm Sunday.
Monday, April 18
Date of issue: 22nd April 2021 - NOTE those stamps are self-adhesive
two stamps (2x Europa 20g. value = 2x 28.- NOK)
Huldra - A hulder is a seductive forest creature found in Scandinavian folklore. In Norwegian folklore, she is known as huldra. She is known as the skogsrå "forest spirit" or Tallemaja "pine tree Mary" in Swedish folklore, and ulda in Sámi folklore.
Though described as beautiful, the huldra is noted for having a distinctive inhuman feature—an animal's tail (usually a cow's or a fox's) and/or a back resembling a hollowed-out tree. Source Wikipedia
Troll - A troll is a being in Scandinavian folklore, including Norse mythology. In Old Norse sources, beings described as trolls dwell in isolated areas of rocks, mountains, or caves, live together in small family units, and are rarely helpful to human beings.
In later Scandinavian folklore, trolls became beings in their own right, where they live far from human habitation, are not Christianized, and are considered dangerous to human beings. Depending on the source, their appearance varies greatly; trolls may be ugly and slow-witted, or look and behave exactly like human beings, with no particularly grotesque characteristic about them.
Trolls are sometimes associated with particular landmarks in Scandinavian folklore, which at times may be explained as formed from a troll exposed to sunlight. Trolls are depicted in a variety of media in modern popular culture. Source Wikipedia